Courses

The Bhagavad Gita

About the Course

The Bhagavad Gītā is likely the seminal pre-modern South Asian Sanskrit text; it has captured the imagination of popular and scholastic audiences in India and around the world for centuries. As a yoga text, it highlights the paths of devotion (bhakti), action (karma), knowledge (jñana), as well as that of meditation (dhyāna). The Gītā, as it commonly referred, has been translated in over seventy-five languages and is often referred to as a “spiritual classic.” But it is also a text with a rich history and specific literary context. It is not an independent literary work, but rather occupies a place within the great Indian epic, Mahābhārata. The Gītā has also played a central role in various political and theological movements. This course explores the content of Bhagavad Gītā—with a special emphasis of yoga—in addition to its Epic literary context, role in history, and its interpretation within commentarial traditions.

In this module students will learn the narrative context for the Bhagavad Gītā within the Mahābhārata epic. Students will learn about important characters and themes from the Gītā’s backstory that are most relevant to understanding the text.
In this module students will learn some of the historical context surrounding the Bhagavad Gītā.Students will learn perspectives concerning the dating and authorship of the text. Students will also learn how the text has been interpreted from various religio- philosophical perspectives. Students will be introduced to the concept of commentary and two prominent Vedāntic interpretations of the text: that of the 9th CE Śankara and 11th CE Rāmānuja (the tradition of modern yoga gurus Krishnamacarya and BKS Iyengar). Students will learn about the religio-philosophical impact of the Gītā through commentary and the diversity of interpretations to the primary text.
In this module students will learn about the metaphysics presented in Bhagavad Gītā, such as the qualities of material nature, soul, God, dharma, karma, and transmigration. Students will learn about Arjuna’s despondency at the brink of battle and explore allegorical interpretations of the text.
In this module students will learn about the paths of action and knowledge as presented in the text. While both paths are validated in the text, students will explore the rationale behind prioritizing one path over another within this context.
In this module students will learn about the prescriptions for meditation practice in the text. These verses will be compared with similar verses and concepts from Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtras. Students will also learn how the text responds to the question: what happens to the unsuccessful yogi?
In this module students will learn about the path of devotion that is outlined in the text. Krishna’s cosmic form, a double identity to his role as friend and teacher within the text, will also be explored. Students will learn about the efficacy of the Gītā’s bhakti yoga and its distinction from previously discussed yogic paths.
In this module students will learn about the conclusion of the text and Krishna’s final message to Arjuna. An emphasis will be placed on two prominent Vedāntic interpretations of the text: that of the 9th CE Śankara and 11th CE Rāmānuja.
In this module students will be introduced to the modern history of the Gītā’s translation and interpretation. Students will learn about different types of translation projects and how the Gītā has been interpreted and deployed within political contexts.

Students who take this course will:

  • Become familiar with the literary context of the Bhagavad Gītā within the Mahābhārata
  • Become familiar with the rich and varied historical context of Bhagavad Gītā, specifically surrounding politics and religio-philosophical systems
  • Acquire knowledge of the fundamental metaphysical concepts of the text
  • Acquire knowledge of karma yoga, jñana yoga, and bhakti yoga
  • Learn about the efficacy of the Gītā’s bhakti yoga and its distinction from other yogic paths
  • Become familiar with the text’s meditative prescriptions and their parallels and differences to Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtras
  • Acquire knowledge of Krishna’s doubleness and his final instructions at the conclusion of the text
  • Become familiar with the concept of the Sanskrit commentarial tradition and its importance in providing coherent yet varied interpretations of the text

About Robert Lindsey

Robert Lindsey is an Adjunct at Rutgers University where he co-teaches the winter session study abroad course in Hinduism. He has given numerous guest lectures at Rutgers on topics such as Bhagavad Gita, Bhagavata Purana, Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, Mahabharata, and Hinduism and the Afterlife. Robert is the Director of Yoga Philosophy and History at Yoga Vida NYC, where he teaches in teacher training programs and workshops. He has a BA in Politics from Princeton University and did post baccalaureate study at Rutgers University and the Jiva Institute in Vrindavan, India. He has a MA in South Asian Religious Studies from Columbia University, where he also studied Sanskrit. He also studied Sanskrit at the American Institute of Indian Studies in Pune, India.

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  • Member Only Content
    Unlimited access to premium articles, special podcast series, and other member only content.
  • EPTV Streaming Video Service
    Access to EPTV Original Series and our video library of over 250+ hours of lectures, talks and workshops.
  • Wisdom School Courses
    Access to 60+ on-demand courses plus two new courses every month.