What is Non-Dualism?

Non-dualism, often denoted with the Sanskrit terms advaita or advaya, is a metaphysical concept that literally means Ònot-two.Ó It is at once an ontological claim about the nature of reality and a description of the mystical experience. In all of the worldÕs philosophical traditions, speculations about the nature of reality are perennial and pervasive. One of the recurring paths of inquiry could be expressed through the question: Òhow many things are there really?Ó The concepts of Òmonism,Ó Òdualism,Ó and Ònon-dualismÓ are ways in which philosophers have attempted to respond to this question. ÒMonismÓ either declares that everything is one and that difference is, in some sense, not real; or it de

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